Schools should exist to serve the community, educate students to be productive citizens in society, and provide quality work environments for the staff. These goals for the education system are achieved by starting school later in the day.
It Is a Cost-Effective Solution
Starting school later offers the same benefits to improving student productivity as other costlier options. Shifting the start of school just one hour later in the day yields the same result as making class sizes one-third smaller or replacing a teacher with a more skillful one.
Some schools can gain money by shifting the school start time. Making school later results in fewer absences, which can help schools where state funding is tied to attendance.
It Helps Student Performance
Schools want students to succeed. Improving student performance can help more students succeed, and help students achieve even more than they thought possible. Later start dates allowing students to sleep in more result in the improvement of both grades and standardized test scores. Students with the lowest scores see the biggest improvement. Shifting the start time of school can help students at the lowest level of school performance, the students who most need help with their performance.
It Helps Student Safety
The strongest predictor of student athlete injury is not getting enough sleep. This sleep deprivation makes accidents more likely and gives the body less time to heal. Making school start later can reduce the number of activity-related injuries.
Students who can sleep in can also be less of a threat while driving. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration says drowsy driving is an "extreme danger" costing our communities $109 billion. Even more significant is the loss of life due to car accidents. Teens and young adults are involved in the majority of drowsy driving crashes. In cities where schools implemented a later start date, there was a decrease in the number of accidents over the next few years.
Studies have also shown a connection between lack of sleep and a risk for drug and alcohol use, depression, and suicide. A later school start time can help teens sleep in, and prevent these adverse situations.
It is a Short-Term Switch Providing Long Term Benefits
Granted, a shift in school start time is a headache for a school administration. Bus schedules, team practice schedules, and the hours of the staff all need to be adjusted. But this would be a one-time adjustment. Once the new start time is in place, the school schedule is set but the benefits to can last for years. A later start time of the school day offers many advantages for those served by the education system. Schools can see a better performance of their students. Communities can see a decrease in car accidents or teen drug use. Schools can pursue a later start time as a viable option before pursuing other costlier solutions like reducing class sizes. The shift is well worth the time.